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Maternal Physiology

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Changes in maternal blood volume and cardiac output in pregnancy may mimic which following disease states?

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a. Hypertension

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b. Thyrotoxicosis

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c. Diabetes insipidus

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d. Chronic renal disease

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Regarding Braxton Hicks contractions, which of the following is true?

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a. Their intensity varies between 20 and 40 mm Hg.

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b. They occur early in pregnancy and may be palpated in the second trimester.

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c. Late in pregnancy, these contractions become more regular and may cause discomfort.

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d. B and C

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Uterine blood flow near term most closely approximates which of the following?

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a. 150 mL/min

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b. 350 mL/min

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c. 550 mL/min

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d. 850 mL/min

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In this photograph, cervical eversion is demonstrated. As shown, what kind of epithelium makes up most of the visible portion of the cervix?

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Reproduced with permission from Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, et al (eds): Maternal physiology. In Williams Obstetrics, 24th ed. New York, McGraw-Hill, 2014, Figure 4-1.

Graphic Jump Location
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a. Serous

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b. Columnar

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c. Squamous

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d. Transitional

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b. Cervix

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This pattern of cervical mucus is typically seen in which of the following clinical settings?

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Reproduced with permission from Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, et al (eds): Maternal physiology. In Williams Obstetrics, 24th ed. New York, McGraw-Hill, 2014, Figure 4-2.

Graphic Jump Location
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a. Ovulation

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b. Uncomplicated pregnancy

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c. Pregnancy with amnionic fluid leakage

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d. A and C

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d. Cervix

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Your pregnant patient in her second trimester presents with breasts that have enlarged during the ...

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