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Breech Delivery

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What percentage of term singleton pregnancies present breech?

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a. 1–2%

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b. 3–4%

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c. 5–6%

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d. 7–8%

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Regarding the prevalence of breech presentation, which of the following statements is true?

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a. It is stable throughout pregnancy.

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b. It approximates 80% at 24 weeks’ gestation.

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c. Across pregnancy, it increases with gestational age.

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d. Across pregnancy, it decreases with gestational age.

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The Term Breech Collaborative Group studied vaginal delivery of the breech fetus. Which of the following is a criticism of this study?

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a. Serious morbidity was defined too strictly.

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b. Only nulliparas were included in the trial.

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c. Most of the providers were unskilled at breech delivery.

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d. More than 10% of participants had radiological pelvimetry.

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All EXCEPT which of the following are true regarding the “stargazer” breech fetus?

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a. The fetal head is hyperextended.

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b. Forceps are indicated for delivery.

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c. Cesarean delivery is the safest delivery route.

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d. The cervical spinal cord can be injured during vaginal delivery.

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What is the risk that breech presentation will reoccur at term in a second pregnancy?

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a. 0.5%

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b. 2%

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c. 10%

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d. 12%

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Which of the following is a known risk factor for breech presentation?

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a. Oligohydramnios

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b. Maternal diabetes

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c. Prior forceps delivery

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d. Anterior placental implantation

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After reviewing all available studies, which of the ...

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