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Gastrointestinal Disorders

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Which of the following diagnostic studies are considered safe to use in pregnancy?

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a. Cystoscopy

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b. Flexible sigmoidoscopy

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c. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

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d. All of the above

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All EXCEPT which of the following are common indications for surgery during pregnancy?

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a. Appendicitis

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b. Adnexal mass

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c. Cholecystitis

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d. Nephrolithiasis

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Which of the following is preferred treatment to maintain adequate nutrition in a pregnant patient with nausea and vomiting?

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a. Hyperalimentation

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b. Parenteral feeding

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c. Enteral alimentation

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d. Dextrose-containing solutions

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Which of the following is the most common serious complication of parenteral feeding?

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a. Hemothorax

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b. Pneumothorax

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c. Catheter sepsis

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d. Brachial plexus injury

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What is the approximate incidence of laparotomy and laparoscopy for nonobstetrical indications in pregnancy?

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a. 1:50

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b. 1:100

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c. 1:500

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d. 1:1000

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Which of the following statements is true regarding nonobstetrical surgery in pregnancy?

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a. There is increased risk of stillbirth.

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b. There is increased risk of cerebral palsy.

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c. There is increased risk of preterm delivery.

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d. There is no increase in long-term risks to the fetus or the mother.

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In cases of severe hyperemesis gravidarum, all EXCEPT which of the following initial complications are common?

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a. Acidosis

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b. Dehydration

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