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INTRODUCTION

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Key Points

  • The primary goal of surgery is to maximize surgical outcomes by minimizing intraoperative and postoperative complications.

  • Recently a shift toward evidence-based medicine has led to significant changes in postoperative patient management, although more research is needed in this area.

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The primary goal of surgery is to maximize surgical outcomes by minimizing intraoperative and postoperative complications. Often, expert opinion serves as our primary guide to achieve this goal. However, the shift toward evidence-based medicine has led to significant changes in postoperative patient management. We present evidence for current postoperative recommendations, and, where evidence is lacking, discuss current practices and make recommendations. (Table 25-1).

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Table 25-1

Evidence Supporting Advice, Recommendations and Future Research

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