Congenital anatomic disorders of the female reproductive tract may result from which of the following mechanisms?
c. Abnormal hormonal exposure or exposure to environmental insults
Which of the following organs is correctly paired with its embryologic origin?
a. Uterus—mesonephric duct
b. Bladder—mesonephric duct
c. Kidney—paramesonephric duct
d. Testes and ovaries—genital ridge
What percentage of females with uterovaginal malformations have associated urinary tract anomalies?
Which of the following statements is true regarding sexual differentiation in humans?
a. The SRY acts as a testis-deleting factor (TDF).
b. Without the influence of SRY, gonads develop as testes.
c. The gene is located on the Y chromosome and is named the sex-determining region of the Y (SRY).
d. The presence or absence of gonadal determinant genes is not thought to determine fetal gender.
Anti-müllerian hormone is involved in all EXCEPT which of the following?
a. Regression of the ipsilateral paramesonephric system
b. Peaking of testosterone production as a result of stimulation of the testes
c. Rapid gubernacular growth necessary for the transabdominal descent of testes
d. Prediction of successful ovarian hyperstimulation cycles during assisted reproduction
In female development, when do germ cells that carry two X chromosomes reach their peak number of 5 to 7 million oocytes?