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Anatomic Disorders

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Congenital anatomic disorders of the female reproductive tract may result from which of the following mechanisms?

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a. Genetic mutation

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b. Developmental arrest

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c. Abnormal hormonal exposure or exposure to environmental insults

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d. All of the above

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Which of the following organs is correctly paired with its embryologic origin?

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a. Uterus—mesonephric duct

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b. Bladder—mesonephric duct

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c. Kidney—paramesonephric duct

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d. Testes and ovaries—genital ridge

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What percentage of females with uterovaginal malformations have associated urinary tract anomalies?

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a. 5

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b. 25

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c. 50

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d. 75

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Which of the following statements is true regarding sexual differentiation in humans?

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a. The SRY acts as a testis-deleting factor (TDF).

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b. Without the influence of SRY, gonads develop as testes.

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c. The gene is located on the Y chromosome and is named the sex-determining region of the Y (SRY).

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d. The presence or absence of gonadal determinant genes is not thought to determine fetal gender.

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Anti-müllerian hormone is involved in all EXCEPT which of the following?

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a. Regression of the ipsilateral paramesonephric system

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b. Peaking of testosterone production as a result of stimulation of the testes

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c. Rapid gubernacular growth necessary for the transabdominal descent of testes

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d. Prediction of successful ovarian hyperstimulation cycles during assisted reproduction

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In female development, when do germ cells that carry two X chromosomes reach their peak number of 5 to 7 million oocytes?

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a. At birth

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b. After menarche

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c. Just before menarche

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d. In utero at ...

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