Treatment of the Infertile Couple
Which of the following is the most widely used pharmacologically active substance in the world?
All EXCEPT which of the following are true regarding smoking and fertility?
a. Male smokers may have reduced sperm motility.
b. Smoking increases the risk of miscarriage in assisted conception cycles.
c. Smoking in pregnant women is associated with an increased risk of trisomy 21.
d. The effects of smoking on fecundity can be overcome by fertility treatments such as in vitro fertilization (IVF).
This smoking cessation agent is considered what pregnancy category by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration?
A 28-year-old obese female who is seeking pregnancy is recently diagnosed with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Which of the following should be recommended as first-line management for her anovulation?
c. Weight loss and exercise
d. Insulin-sensitizing agents
In women with hyperprolactinemia caused by a pituitary microprolactinoma, which of the following is true?
a. Surgical therapy is preferred over medical therapy.
b. During pregnancy, cabergoline is preferred over bromocriptine.
c. Clomiphene citrate may be ineffective for ovulation induction.
d. Dopamine-agonist therapy should be increased once pregnancy is achieved.
Compared with clomiphene citrate therapy, gonadotropin therapy has which of the following characteristics?
b. Lower multiple pregnancy rate