The menopausal transition is a progressive endocrinologic continuum that takes reproductive-aged women from regular, cyclic, predictable menses characteristic of ovulatory cycles to ovarian senescence and menopause. Most women can now expect to live what percentage of their lifetime in menopause?
Premature ovarian failure is associated with a persistently elevated follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level and refers to the cessation of menses before which of the following ages?
Characteristically, menopause begins with cycle irregularity that extends to 1 year after permanent cessation of menses. The more correct, scientific terminology for this time is menopausal transition, and it typically takes place over a span of how many years?
A number of environmental, genetic, and surgical influences may alter ovarian aging. Which of the following has been found to INCREASE the age of menopause?
During the reproductive life of a woman, gonadotropin-releasing hormone is released in a pulsatile fashion from which of the following?
c. Pituitary gonadotropes
d. Arcuate nucleus of the medial basal hypothalamus
With ovarian failure during menopausal transition, the negative-feedback loop is opened by cessation of ovarian steroid hormone release. This causes which of the following?
a. A rise in luteinizing hormone (LH) levels