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Urinary Incontinence

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Involuntary loss of urine with coughing or sneezing typically reflects which of the following forms of incontinence?

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a. Urge incontinence

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b. Stress incontinence

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c. Overflow incontinence

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d. Functional incontinence

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Involuntary loss of urine preceded by a strong sensation to void reflects which of the following forms of incontinence?

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a. Urge incontinence

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b. Stress incontinence

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c. Overflow incontinence

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d. Functional incontinence

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If the symptoms of overactive bladder or urge incontinence are objectively demonstrated by urodynamic testing, which of the following terms is used?

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a. Detrusor overactivity

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b. Functional incontinence

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c. Genuine urge incontinence

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d. Verified urge incontinence

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If stress incontinence is documented by urodynamic testing, which of the following terms is used?

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a. Detrusor overactivity

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b. Functional incontinence

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c. Verified urge incontinence

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d. Urodynamic stress incontinence

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Of the forms of incontinence, which is the most common in the general ambulatory female population?

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a. Urge

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b. Stress

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c. Overflow

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d. Functional

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A risk factor for urinary incontinence includes which of the following?

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a. Nonsmoking

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b. Nulliparity

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c. Advanced age

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d. Sickle cell anemia

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Hypoestrogenism is linked to a greater risk of incontinence through which of the following mechanisms?

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a. Increased urethral collagen volume

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b. Atrophy of the urethral mucosal seal

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