Genitourinary Fistula and Urethral Diverticulum
What is the most common type of genitourinary fistula?
Which of the following is the correct sequence of events in wound healing?
a. Angiogenesis → fibrosis → remodeling
b. Angiogenesis → remodeling → fibrosis
c. Fibrosis → remodeling → angiogenesis
d. Remodeling → angiogenesis → fibrosis
All EXCEPT which of the following anatomic communications have been described?
All EXCEPT which of the following are examples of complicated vesicovaginal fistulas?
a. Concurrent pelvic malignancy
b. Prior pelvic radiation therapy
c. Posthysterectomy fistula distant from the vaginal cuff
d. High posthysterectomy fistula with normal vaginal length
According to the more comprehensive fistula classification system introduced by Goh in 2004, how would one classify a 2-cm diameter fistula with moderate-to-severe surrounding fibrosis located 5 cm from the external urethral meatus?
Goh JT: A new classification for female genital tract fistula. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 44:502, 2004
In developing countries, most genitourinary fistulas (approximately 90 percent) are attributable to which of the following?
d. Sexual trauma or foreign body