Skip to Main Content

++

Gestational Trophoblastic Disease

++
++
++

Epidemiologic factors that carry a higher risk of gestational trophoblastic disease include all EXCEPT which of the following?

++
++
++

a. Older maternal age

++
++

b. Younger paternal age

++
++

c. Use of oral contraceptives

++
++

d. Native Americans living in the United States

++
++ ++
++
++

By what factor is the risk of molar pregnancy increased with a prior history of spontaneous abortion?

++
++
++

a. Double

++
++

b. Triple

++
++

c. Quadruple

++
++

d. Risk is not increased.

++
++ ++
++
++

With regard to molar pregnancies, what does the term androgenesis refer to?

++
++
++

a. Development of theca-lutein cysts

++
++

b. Absence of fetal tissue and amnion

++
++

c. Development of a zygote that contains only maternal chromosomes

++
++

d. Development of a zygote that contains only paternal chromosomes

++
++ ++
++
++

All EXCEPT which of the following features are characteristic of complete hydatidiform molar pregnancies?

++

Photograph contributed by Dr. Brian Levenson.

Graphic Jump Location
++
++
++

a. Diploid karyotype

++
++

b. Absent fetal tissue

++
++

c. Focal villous edema

++
++

d. 15-percent risk of postmolar malignant sequelae

++
++ ++
++
++

All EXCEPT which of the following signs or symptoms are typically seen in the presentation of a complete hydatidiform molar pregnancy?

++
++
++

a. Preeclampsia

++
++

b. Vaginal bleeding

++
++

c. Increased plasma thyroxine levels

++
++

d. Greater than expected serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) levels

++
++ ++
++
++

This finding, if found bilaterally in the adnexa of a patient with a molar pregnancy, increases the risk of which of the following?

++
++
++
++

a. Preeclampsia

++
...

Pop-up div Successfully Displayed

This div only appears when the trigger link is hovered over. Otherwise it is hidden from view.