Because of dermal fiber orientation, termed Langer lines, all EXCEPT which type of anterior abdominal wall incision leads to superior cosmetic results?
Camper and Scarpa fasciae of the anterior abdominal wall are not discrete layers but represent a continuum of the subcutaneous tissue layer. Which of the following best describes Camper fascia?
a. Deeper, more membranous
b. Deeper, predominantly fatty
c. Superficial, more membranous
d. Superficial, predominantly fatty
Below the arcuate line, the anterior rectus sheath represents the conjoined aponeuroses of which of the following muscles?
a. External and internal oblique
b. Rectus abdominis and external oblique
c. Transversus abdominis and pyramidalis
d. External and internal oblique plus the transversus abdominis
The fascia best recognized as the layer bluntly or sharply dissected off the anterior surface of the bladder during entry into the abdominal cavity is which of the following?
The peritoneum that lines the inner surface of the abdominal walls is termed which of the following?
Laceration of abdominal wall vessels can increase blood loss and risk of postoperative hematoma formation. The superficial epigastric, superficial circumflex iliac, and superficial external pudendal arteries all arise from which of the following?
c. Deep circumflex artery
d. Internal thoracic artery