To achieve adequate blockade of Frankenhaüser plexus during paracervical blockade, injections should ideally be placed at what sites around the cervical base?
Classic signs of lidocaine toxicity include all EXCEPT which of the following?
During the presurgical “time out,” the entire surgical team should routinely reach consensus agreement on all EXCEPT which of the following?
d. Side of patient to be treated
Correct patient positioning can avert many intraoperative neurologic injuries. All EXCEPT which of the following patient or surgical characteristics is associated with an increased risk of such injury?
b. Body mass index (BMI) of 25
c. 20 pack-year history of smoking
d. Use of a self-retaining retractor
Malpositioning of a self-retaining retractor can injure the femoral nerve as it runs near the psoas major muscle, as shown here. Which of the following may be seen classically with a femoral neuropathy?
Reproduced, with permission, from Hamid CA, Hoffman BL: Intraoperative considerations. In Hoffman BL, Schorge JO, Schaffer JI, et al (eds): Williams Gynecology, 2nd ed. New York, McGraw-Hill, 2012, Figure 40-5.
a. Absent patellar reflex
b. Inability to flex the knee
c. Inability to extend the hip
d. Paresthesia over the posterior thigh
All EXCEPT which of the following procedures places ...