Surgeries for Gynecologic Malignacies
What is the most common complication from a radical abdominal hysterectomy and lymph node dissection?
d. Intraoperative hemorrhage
Which of the following is FALSE regarding type II radical hysterectomy?
a. Postoperative bladder dysfunction is uncommon.
b. The uterine vessels are ligated at their origin.
c. The most common indication is stage IA2 cervical cancer.
d. Less vaginal tissue is removed compared with a type III radical hysterectomy.
Which of the following is NOT an advantage of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy compared with an abdominal approach?
d. Less postoperative pain
What steps can be taken during laparoscopy to minimize complications?
a. Placement of Foley catheter
b. Placement of nasogastric or orogastric tube
c. Positioning of the patient flat, not in Trendelenburg position
What is the first step of a radical hysterectomy?
a. Opening the paravesical and pararectal spaces
b. Dividing the utero-ovarian ligaments if ovarian preservation is planned
c. Dissecting the ureters from the peritoneum to the level of the uterine arteries
d. Opening the rectovaginal septum and dissecting the rectum off the posterior vagina
What is the most common indication for performing a total pelvic exenteration?
a. Recurrent vulvar cancer
b. Stage IVA cervical cancer
c. Recurrent endometrial cancer
d. Centrally recurrent cervical ...