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Techniques Used for Imaging in Gynecology

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Which sonographic feature, as demonstrated here, is characteristic of cysts?

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a. Acoustic window

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b. Acoustic shadowing

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c. Acoustic enhancement

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d. Tip of the iceberg sign

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Characteristics of the Doppler technology illustrated below include all EXCEPT which of the following?

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a. Scaling of color

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b. More sensitive to low flow velocities

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c. Directionality of blood flow with dual colors

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d. Quantitative measurement of impedance to red blood cell velocity

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Which of the following statements is true when performing saline infusion sonography?

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a. SIS is best performed within the first 10 days of the menstrual cycle.

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b. Touching the uterine fundus when advancing the catheter should be avoided as it can cause pain and false-positive results.

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c. The uterine isthmus and endocervical canal should be evaluated as the catheter is withdrawn under sonographic visualization.

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d. All of the above

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Ovarian volume is one of the criteria for the sonographic diagnosis of polycystic ovaries. What is the formula to calculate ovarian volume, where A, B, and C are the ovarian diameters in centimeters?

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Reproduced, with permission, from Hoffman BL: Pelvic mass. In Schorge JO, Schaffer JI, Halvorson LM, et al (eds): Williams Gynecology, 1st ed. New York, McGraw-Hill, 2008, Figure 17-11.

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a. (A × B × C)/π

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b. (A × B × C)/3

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c. (π/6) × (A × B × C)

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d. [(A × B × C)/3 + 2.54]/0.7

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The sonographic appearance of the endometrium during the menstrual cycle correlates with the phasic changes in its histologic anatomy. Which phase of the cycle is ...

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