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Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

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All EXCEPT which of the following definitions of abnormal uterine bleeding are true?

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a. Metrorrhagia describes intermenstrual bleeding.

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b. Oligomenorrhea refers to cycles with intervals shorter than 35 days.

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c. Hypomenorrhea refers to menses with diminished flow or shortened interval.

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d. Menorrhagia is defined as prolonged or heavy cyclic menstruation, with menses lasting longer than 7 days or exceeding 80 mL of blood loss.

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All EXCEPT which of the following tools are clinically useful to estimate menstrual blood loss?

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a. Pad counts

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b. Hemoglobin and hematocrit

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c. Pictorial blood assessment chart

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d. Sodium hydroxide extraction of hemoglobin

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The most common etiologies of bleeding have been correctly paired with their age demographic in all EXCEPT which of the following?

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a. Adolescence—anovulation

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b. Childhood—vulvovaginitis

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c. Perimenopause—anovulation

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d. Menopause—endometrial carcinoma

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Which of the following mechanisms are responsible for control of blood loss during menses?

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a. Thrombi

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b. Platelet aggregation

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c. Vasoconstriction of endometrial arteries

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d. All of the above

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Which of the following may be reasonably considered in the evaluation of postcoital vaginal bleeding?

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a. Conization

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b. Cystoscopy

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c. Colposcopy

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d. Proctoscopy

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Which of the following clinical findings may be associated with abnormal uterine bleeding?

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a. Obesity

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b. Bruising

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c. Acanthosis nigricans

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d. All of the above

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Which laboratory criteria listed below is consistent with iron-deficiency anemia?

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