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Endometriosis

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With endometriosis, as shown here, which of the following is ectopically located?

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Reproduced, with permission, from Carr BR, Beshay VE: Endometriosis. In Hoffman BL, Schorge JO, Schaffer JI, et al (eds): Williams Gynecology, 2nd ed. New York, McGraw-Hill, 2012, Figure 10-10.

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a. Myometrial cells

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b. Ectocervical cells

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c. Endometrial glands and stroma

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d. Endocervical glands and stroma

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The prevalence of endometriosis is higher in women with which of the following characteristic?

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a. Pelvic pain

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b. Infertility

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c. Affected family member

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d. All of the above

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Which of the following theories is the most widely accepted as the cause of endometriosis?

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a. Lymphatic spread

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b. Hormonal induction

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c. Coelomic metaplasia

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d. Retrograde menstruation

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Persistence of endometriosis is directly dependent on which of the following hormones?

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a. Estrogen

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b. Testosterone

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c. Progesterone

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d. Androstenedione

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An enzyme important in creating a unique hormonal environment within endometriotic implants includes which of the following?

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a. Aromatase

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b. Cyclooxygenase type 2

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c. 17β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1

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d. All of the above

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Which of the following conditions is a risk factor for developing endometriosis?

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a. Multiparity

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b. Transverse vaginal septum

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c. Prior chemotherapy exposure

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d. Autoimmune connective tissue disorders

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Which of the following environmental toxins has been implicated in the ...

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