Skip to Main Content

++

Endometriosis

++
++
++

As shown here, with endometriosis, which of the following is ectopically located?

++

Reproduced with permission from Hoffman BL. Endometriosis. In Hoffman BL, Schorge JO, Bradshaw KD, et al (eds): Williams Gynecology, 3rd ed. New York, McGraw-Hill, 2016. Photo contributor: Dr Kelley Carrick.

Graphic Jump Location
++
++
++

a. Myometrial cells

++
++

b. Ectocervical cells

++
++

c. Endometrial glands and stroma

++
++

d. Endocervical glands and stroma

++
++ ++
++
++

Compared with the general population, the prevalence of endometriosis is higher in women with which of the following characteristics?

++
++
++

a. Pelvic pain

++
++

b. Infertility

++
++

c. Affected family member

++
++

d. All of the above

++
++ ++
++
++

Which of the following is a more favored theory to explain the development of endometriosis?

++
++
++

a. Lymphatic spread

++
++

b. Coelomic metaplasia

++
++

c. Retrograde menstruation

++
++

d. Abnormal differentiation of müllerian remnants

++
++ ++
++
++

A 19-year-old nulligravida presents with worsening dysmenorrhea and chronic pelvic pain during the last year. Transvaginal sonography is completed and shows a unicornuate uterus and an obstructed cavitary rudimentary horn, as shown here. Of other müllerian anomalies, which of the following is LEAST likely to pose a similar risk for endometriosis development?

++
++
++
++

a. Imperforate hymen

++
++

b. Bicornuate uterus

++
++

c. Transverse vaginal septum

++
++

d. Obstructed hemivagina ipsilateral renal agenesis (OHVIRA)

++
++ ++
++
++

Of the following locations, where is endometriosis LEAST likely to be found?

++

Reproduced with permission from Carr BR: Endometriosis. In Schorge JO, Schaffer JI, Halvorson LM, et al (eds): Williams Gynecology, 1st ed. New York, McGraw-Hill, 2008, Figure 10-3.

Graphic Jump Location
++
++
++

a. Pleura

++
++

b. Ureter

++
++

c. Rectovaginal septum

++
...

Pop-up div Successfully Displayed

This div only appears when the trigger link is hovered over. Otherwise it is hidden from view.