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Anatomic Disorders

Congenital anatomic disorders of the female reproductive tract may result from which of the following mechanisms?

a. Genetic mutation

b. Developmental arrest

c. Abnormal hormonal exposure or exposure to environmental insults

d. All of the above

Both urinary and genital systems develop from which of the following cell types?

a. Ectoderm

b. Endoderm

c. Mesoderm

d. None of the above

Which of the following organs is correctly paired with its embryologic origin?

a. Uterus—mesonephric duct

b. Bladder—mesonephric duct

c. Kidney—paramesonephric duct

d. Testes and ovaries—genital ridge

Up to what percentage of women with uterovaginal malformations have associated urinary tract anomalies?

a. 5 percent

b. 25 percent

c. 50 percent

d. 75 percent

Embryos of male or female gender are indistinguishable from each other until which number of weeks of development?

a. 7

b. 10

c. 12

d. 14

Which of the following statements is true regarding the role of the sex-determining region Y (SRY) in the sexual differentiation of humans?

a. The SRY acts as the testis-determining factor.

b. Without the influence of SRY, gonads develop as testes.

c. The SRY is located on the Y chromosome and is the only gene responsible for sex determination.

d. None of the above

Antimüllerian hormone is involved in all of the following EXCEPT:


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