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Menopausal Transition

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Most women can now expect to live at least what percentage of their lifetime after menopause?

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a. 5 percent

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b. 15 percent

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c. 25 percent

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d. 33 percent

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Characteristically, menopausal transition begins with a variable period of menstrual cycle irregularity and extends to 1 year after permanent cessation of menses. The menopause transition typically spans how many years?

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a. 1 to 2 years

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b. 2 to 4 years

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c. 4 to 7 years

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d. 7 to 10 years

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Premature ovarian failure is associated with a persistently elevated follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level and is further defined as cessation of menses before what age?

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a. 35 years

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b. 40 years

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c. 45 years

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d. 51 years

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Several factors can alter ovarian aging. Which of the following is LEAST likely to shift menopause to an earlier age?

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a. Smoking

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b. Chemotherapy

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c. Pelvic radiation

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d. Oral contraceptive pills

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During menopausal transition, erratic fluctuations in female reproductive hormones lead to an array of physical and psychological symptoms. These symptoms include all of the following EXCEPT:

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a. Headache

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b. Poor memory

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c. Vision changes

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d. Urinary incontinence

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During the reproductive life of a woman, gonadotropin-releasing hormone is released in a pulsatile fashion from which of the following?

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a. Corpus lutea

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b. Ovarian follicles

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c. Pituitary gonadotrophs

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d. Arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus

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