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Endometrial Cancer

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Of leading causes of cancer in women in the United States, endometrial cancer is ranked in which place?

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a. Second

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b. Fourth

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c. Eighth

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d. Sixteenth

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Which of the following does NOT increase a woman’s risk of developing endometrial cancer?

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a. Obesity

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b. Tamoxifen

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c. Cigarette smoking

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d. Unopposed estrogen

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What is the primary mechanism by which obesity increases the risk of endometrial cancer?

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a. Androstenedione is aromatized by adipose tissue to estrone.

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b. Androstenedione is aromatized by adipose tissue to estradiol.

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c. Higher levels of insulin growth factor lead to anovulation, which results in unopposed estrogen.

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d. None of the above

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What percentage of endometrial cancer is diagnosed in women younger than 45 years?

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a. 1 percent

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b. 8 percent

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c. 15 percent

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d. 25 percent

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What is the most common genetic syndrome associated with endometrial cancer?

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a. Cowden syndrome

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b. Li–Fraumeni syndrome

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c. Hereditary breast ovarian cancer syndrome

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d. Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer syndrome

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Which of the following birth control methods does NOT reduce the risk of endometrial cancer?

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a. Bilateral tubal ligation

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b. Copper intrauterine device

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c. Combination oral contraceptives

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d. Levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system

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Which of the following patients does NOT require an endometrial biopsy?

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