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Endometrial Cancer

Of leading causes of cancer in women in the United States, endometrial cancer is ranked in which place?

a. Second

b. Fourth

c. Eighth

d. Sixteenth

Which of the following does NOT increase a woman’s risk of developing endometrial cancer?

a. Obesity

b. Tamoxifen

c. Cigarette smoking

d. Unopposed estrogen

What is the primary mechanism by which obesity increases the risk of endometrial cancer?

a. Androstenedione is aromatized by adipose tissue to estrone.

b. Androstenedione is aromatized by adipose tissue to estradiol.

c. Higher levels of insulin growth factor lead to anovulation, which results in unopposed estrogen.

d. None of the above

What percentage of endometrial cancer is diagnosed in women younger than 45 years?

a. 1 percent

b. 8 percent

c. 15 percent

d. 25 percent

What is the most common genetic syndrome associated with endometrial cancer?

a. Cowden syndrome

b. Li–Fraumeni syndrome

c. Hereditary breast ovarian cancer syndrome

d. Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer syndrome

Which of the following birth control methods does NOT reduce the risk of endometrial cancer?

a. Bilateral tubal ligation

b. Copper intrauterine device

c. Combination oral contraceptives

d. Levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system

Which of the following patients does NOT require an endometrial biopsy?


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