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Surgeries for Gynecologic Malignancies

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What is the most common complication of a radical abdominal hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection?

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a. Lymphocele

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b. Constipation

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c. Ureterovaginal fistula

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d. Intraoperative hemorrhage

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Which of the following is not a boundary of the pararectal space?

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a. Sacrum

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b. Cardinal ligament

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c. External iliac artery

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d. Internal iliac artery

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All of the following statements regarding ovarian transposition are correct EXCEPT:

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a. The ovary is transposed to the pelvic brim.

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b. It is only performed in premenopausal women.

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c. It is performed to move the ovary out of the radiation field.

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d. The ovary is marked with a clip for future identification on radiographic studies.

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All of the following statements regarding type II radical hysterectomy are correct EXCEPT:

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a. Postoperative bladder dysfunction is uncommon.

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b. The uterine vessels are ligated at their origin.

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c. The most common indication is stage IA2 cervical cancer.

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d. Less vaginal tissue is removed compared with a type III radical hysterectomy.

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Which of the following does NOT differ between a radical abdominal hysterectomy and a modified radical hysterectomy?

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a. Location at which the uterine artery is divided

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b. Location at which the round ligament is divided

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c. Location at which the cardinal ligament is divided

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d. Location at which the uterosacral ligament is divided

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For radical hysterectomy, which of the following is NOT an advantage of laparoscopy compared with laparotomy?

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a. Less blood loss

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b. Shorter ...

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