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ABDOMEN

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Note: Items in bold represent most common diagnosis.

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ABDOMINAL CYST OR FLUID COLLECTION

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Dilated bladder

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Dilated bowel

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Hydroureter

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Ovarian cyst (in females)

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Renal cystic lesions, particularly ureteropelvic junction with anterior pelvis or pelvic dysplastic kidney

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Adrenal cyst or hemorrhage

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Choledochal cyst

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Duodenal atresia, anal atresia, gut atresia

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Enteric duplication cyst

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Hepatic arteriovenous malformation

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Hepatic cyst

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Hydrometrocolpos

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Liver cyst

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Lymphangioma

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Meckel’s diverticulum

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Meconium pseudocyst

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Mesenteric cyst

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Rectal dilation

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Sacrococcygeal (cystic) teratoma

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Splenic cyst

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Umbilical vein varix

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Urachal cyst

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ABDOMINAL WALL PROCESS

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Omphalocele

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Gastroschisis

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Physiologic gut herniation (8 to 12 weeks’ gestation)

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Limb–body wall complex

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Umbilical hernia

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Bladder exstrophy

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Cloacal exstrophy (OEIS [omphalocele, exstrophy of the bladder, imperforate anus, and spinal defects] complex)

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Pentalogy of Cantrell

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Vesicoallantoic cyst

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Urachal cyst

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STOMACH NONVISUALIZATION

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Diaphragmatic hernia (left sided)

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Normal variant

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Tracheoesophageal atresia or fistula/esophageal atresia

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Microgastria

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Central nervous system problems that prevent swallowing

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Hiatal hernia

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Facial cleft

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Micrognathia

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ASCITES (ISOLATED)

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Renal obstruction

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Trisomy 21

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Meconium peritonitis

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Fetal infections (especially parvovirus and cytomegalovirus)

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DILATED STOMACH AND DUODENUM

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Duodenal atresia

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Normal variant

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Annular pancreas

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Antral web

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Diabetic embryopathy

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Gut malrotation

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ECHOGENIC AREA IN ABDOMEN

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ECHOGENIC MASS
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Adrenal hemorrhage

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Dysplastic second collecting system

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Extralobar sequestration

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Hepatic tumor

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Neuroblastoma

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Ovarian cyst with hemorrhage

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Sacrococcygeal teratoma

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Fetus in fetu

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ECHOGENIC BOWEL
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Cystic fibrosis

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Intragut or intra-abdominal bleed

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Meconium in the third trimester

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Normal variant at term

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Trisomy 21

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Intrauterine growth restriction

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Fetal infections (cytomegalovirus)

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Meconium peritonitis

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CALCIFICATION
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Normal variant

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Fetal infections (cytomegalovirus infection, toxoplasmosis)

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Gallstones

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Idiopathic arterial calcification

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Teratoma (intrapelvic or in ...

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