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Maternal Physiology

Changes in maternal blood volume and cardiac output in pregnancy may mimic which following disease states?

a. Hypertension

b. Thyrotoxicosis

c. Diabetes insipidus

d. Chronic renal disease

Regarding Braxton Hicks contractions, which of the following is true?

a. Their intensity varies between 20 and 40 mm Hg.

b. They occur early in pregnancy and may be palpated in the second trimester.

c. Late in pregnancy, these contractions become more regular and may cause discomfort.

d. B and C

Uterine blood flow near term most closely approximates which of the following?

a. 150 mL/min

b. 350 mL/min

c. 550 mL/min

d. 850 mL/min

In this photograph, cervical eversion is demonstrated. As shown, what kind of epithelium makes up most of the visible portion of the cervix?

Reproduced with permission from Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, et al (eds): Maternal physiology. In Williams Obstetrics, 24th ed. New York, McGraw-Hill, 2014, Figure 4-1.

a. Serous

b. Columnar

c. Squamous

d. Transitional

b. Cervix

This pattern of cervical mucus is typically seen in which of the following clinical settings?

Reproduced with permission from Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, et al (eds): Maternal physiology. In Williams Obstetrics, 24th ed. New York, McGraw-Hill, 2014, Figure 4-2.

a. Ovulation

b. Uncomplicated pregnancy

c. Pregnancy with amnionic fluid leakage

d. A and C

d. Cervix

Your pregnant patient in her second trimester presents with breasts that have enlarged during the past few ...

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