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Gastrointestinal Disorders

Which of the following diagnostic studies are considered safe to use in pregnancy?

a. Cystoscopy

b. Flexible sigmoidoscopy

c. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

d. All of the above

All EXCEPT which of the following are common indications for surgery during pregnancy?

a. Appendicitis

b. Adnexal mass

c. Cholecystitis

d. Nephrolithiasis

Which of the following is preferred treatment to maintain adequate nutrition in a pregnant patient with nausea and vomiting?

a. Hyperalimentation

b. Parenteral feeding

c. Enteral alimentation

d. Dextrose-containing solutions

Which of the following is the most common serious complication of parenteral feeding?

a. Hemothorax

b. Pneumothorax

c. Catheter sepsis

d. Brachial plexus injury

What is the approximate incidence of laparotomy and laparoscopy for nonobstetrical indications in pregnancy?

a. 1:50

b. 1:100

c. 1:500

d. 1:1000

Which of the following statements is true regarding nonobstetrical surgery in pregnancy?

a. There is increased risk of stillbirth.

b. There is increased risk of cerebral palsy.

c. There is increased risk of preterm delivery.

d. There is no increase in long-term risks to the fetus or the mother.

In cases of severe hyperemesis gravidarum, all EXCEPT which of the following initial complications are common?

a. Acidosis

b. Dehydration

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