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Menopausal Transition

Most women can now expect to live at least what percentage of their lifetime after menopause?

a. 5 percent

b. 15 percent

c. 25 percent

d. 33 percent

Characteristically, menopausal transition begins with a variable period of menstrual cycle irregularity and extends to 1 year after permanent cessation of menses. The menopause transition typically spans how many years?

a. 1 to 2 years

b. 2 to 4 years

c. 4 to 7 years

d. 7 to 10 years

Premature ovarian failure is associated with a persistently elevated follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level and is further defined as cessation of menses before what age?

a. 35 years

b. 40 years

c. 45 years

d. 51 years

Several factors can alter ovarian aging. Which of the following is LEAST likely to shift menopause to an earlier age?

a. Smoking

b. Chemotherapy

c. Pelvic radiation

d. Oral contraceptive pills

During menopausal transition, erratic fluctuations in female reproductive hormones lead to an array of physical and psychological symptoms. These symptoms include all of the following EXCEPT:

a. Headache

b. Poor memory

c. Vision changes

d. Urinary incontinence

During the reproductive life of a woman, gonadotropin-releasing hormone is released in a pulsatile fashion from which of the following?

a. Corpus lutea

b. Ovarian follicles

c. Pituitary gonadotrophs

d. Arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus

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