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Maternal Physiology

Which of the following accurately characterize Braxton Hicks contractions?

a. Are usually non-rhythmic

b. Have an intensity of 5–25 mmHg

c. Can be detected by bimanual examination

d. All the above

Which of the following soluble receptors attenuates vascular endothelial and placental growth factor in vivo?

a. PIGF

b. sFlt-1

c. VEGF

d. Estrogen

A 23-year-old presents for her initial prenatal care visit. She undergoes an ultrasound and the findings are shown below. What is the adnexal mass seen below?

a. Teratoma

b. Hydrosalpinx

c. Corpus luteum

d. Hemorrhagic cyst

A 23-year-old presents for her initial prenatal care visit. She undergoes an ultrasound and the findings are shown below. She reports that she had a cyst on her right ovary removed 3 years earlier and asks if the cyst below needs to be removed as well. You explain the function of the cyst and that excision of this cyst before what gestational age would lead to loss of the pregnancy?

a. 5–6 weeks’ gestation

b. 8–9 weeks’ gestation

c. 10–12 weeks’ gestation

d. 14 weeks’ gestation

A 32-year-old multigravida presents to triage complaining of increasing vaginal discharge for the last 24 hours. You perform a microscopic examination of the discharge and see the image pictured below under the slide. What is the diagnosis?

Used with permission from Dr. Barbara Hoffman.

a. Bacterial vaginosis

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