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Normal Labor

What is the most common fetal lie?

a. Oblique

b. Unstable

c. Transverse

d. Longitudinal

When the fetus lies with the long axis transversely, what is the presenting part?

a. Knee

b. Head

c. Shoulder

d. Buttocks

What is the fetal attitude in the photo below?

Reproduced with permission from Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, et al (eds): Normal labor. In Williams Obstetrics, 25th ed. New York, McGraw-Hill, 2018, Figure 22-1D.

a. Face

b. Brow

c. Vertex

d. Sinciput

In the photo below, the neck is only partly flexed and the anterior fontanel is presenting. What is the fetal attitude?

Reproduced with permission from Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, et al (eds): Normal labor. In Williams Obstetrics, 25th ed. New York, McGraw-Hill, 2018, Figure 22-1B.

a. Face

b. Brow

c. Occiput

d. Sinciput

What composes the cephalic pole?

a. Head

b. Head and upper extremities

c. Head, upper extremities, and trunk

d. Head, upper extremities, trunk, and lower extremities

Why is there a high incidence of breech among hydrocephalic fetuses?

a. Increased intracranial pressure

b. Podalic pole needs more room

c. Cephalic pole needs more room

d. Because the fetal head is small, it does not have the force to turn

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